Publications

Edited book:      Quantitative Genetics in the Wild, Oxford University Press, April 2014.
Editors A. Charmantier, D. Garant and L.E.B. Kruuk

Book chapters
Kruuk, L. E. B., D. Garant, and A. Charmantier. 2014  The study of quantitative genetics in wild populations. Pages 1-15 in A. Charmantier, D. Garant, and L. E. B. Kruuk, editors. Quantitative genetics in wild populations. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Kruuk, L. E. B., T. Clutton-Brock, and J. M. Pemberton. 2014 Quantitative genetics and sexual selection of weaponry in a wild ungulate. Pages 160-176 in A. Charmantier, D. Garant, and L. E. B. Kruuk, editors. Quantitative genetics in wild populations. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Papers

Thackeray, S.J. et al. 2016. Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels. Nature in press.

Huisman, J., L. E. B. Kruuk, P. A. Ellis, T. Clutton-Brock, and J. M. Pemberton. 2016. Inbreeding depression across the lifespan in a wild mammal population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113:3585-3590.

Pavitt, A.T., JM Pemberton, LEB Kruuk, CA Walling. 2016. Testosterone and cortisol concentrations vary with reproductive status in wild female red deer. Ecology and Evolution 6 (4), 1163-1172.

Kruuk, L. E. B., J. Livingston, A. Kahn, and M. D. Jennions. 2015a. Sex-specific maternal effects in a viviparous fish. Biology Letters 11:20150472.

Kruuk, L. E. B., H. L. Osmond, and A. Cockburn. 2015b. Contrasting effects of climate on juvenile body size in a Southern Hemisphere passerine bird. Global Change Biology 21:2929-2941.

Roche, D. G., L. E. B. Kruuk, R. Lanfear, and S. A. Binning. 2015. Public Data Archiving in Ecology and Evolution: How Well Are We Doing? Plos Biology 13:12.

Callaby, R., O. Hanotte, I. C. Van Wyk, H. Kiara, P. Toye, M. N. Mbole-Kariuki, A. Jennings, S. M. Thumbi, J. A. W. Coetzer, B. M. d. C. Bronsvoort, S. A. Knott, M. E. J. Woolhouse, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2015. Variation and covariation in strongyle infection in East African shorthorn zebu calves. Parasitology 142:499-511.

Pavitt, A. T., C. A. Walling, E. Moestl, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2015. Cortisol but not testosterone is repeatable and varies with reproductive effort in wild red deer stags. General and Comparative Endocrinology DOI 0.1016/j.ygcen.2015.07.009.

Woolhouse, M. E., S. M. Thumbi, A. Jennings, M. Chase-Topping, R. Callaby, H. Kiara, M. C. Oosthuizen, M. N. Mbole-Kariuki, I. Conradie, I. G. Handel, L. E. B. Kruuk, B. M. d. C. Bronsvoort, O. Hanotte, J. A. W. Coetzer, and P. Toye. 2015. Co-infections determine patterns of mortality in a population exposed to parasite infection. Science Advances 1:e1400026.

Kruuk, L. E. B., T. Clutton-Brock, and J. M. Pemberton. 2014a. Quantitative genetics and sexual selection of weaponry in a wild ungulate. Pages 160-176 in A. Charmantier, D. Garant, and L. E. B. Kruuk, editors. Quantitative genetics in the wild. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Kruuk, L. E. B., D. Garant, and A. Charmantier. 2014b. The study of quantitative genetics in wild populations. Pages 1-15  in A. Charmantier, D. Garant, and L. E. B. Kruuk, editors. Quantitative genetics in the wild. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Pavitt, A. T., C. A. Walling, A. S. McNeilly, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2014a. Variation in early life testosterone within a wild population of red deer. Functional Ecology 28:1224-1334.

Pavitt, A. T., C. A. Walling, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2014b. Heritability and cross-sex genetic correlations of early life circulating testosterone levels in a wild mammal. Biology Letters 10:20140685.

Roche, D. G., R. Lanfear, S. A. Binning, T. M. Haff, L. E. Schwanz, K. E. Cain, H. Kokko, M. D. Jennions, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2014. Troubleshooting Public Data Archiving: Suggestions to Increase Participation. PLoS Biology 12:1-5.

Stopher, K. V., A. I. Bento, T. H. Clutton-Brock, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2014. Multiple pathways mediate effects of climate change on maternal reproductive traits in a wild mammal population. Ecology 95:3124–3138.

Walling, C. A., M. B. Morrissey, K. Foerster, J. M. Pemberton, T. H. Clutton-Brock, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2014. A multivariate analysis of genetic constraints to life history evolution in a wild population of red deer Genetics 198:1735-1749.

 

Andres, D., T. H. Clutton-Brock, L. E. B. Kruuk, J. M. Pemberton, K. V. Stopher, and K. E. Ruckstuhl. 2013. Sex differences in the consequences of maternal loss in a long-lived mammal, the red deer (Cervus elaphus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67:1249-1258.

Hayward, A.D., A.J. Wilson, J.G. Pilkington, T.H. Clutton-Brock, J.M. Pemberton & L.E.B. Kruuk. 2013. Reproductive senescence in female Soay sheep: variation across traits and contributions of individual ageing and selective disappearance. Functional Ecology 27:184-195.

Andres, D., T.H. Clutton-Brock, L.E.B. Kruuk, J.M. Pemberton, K.V. Stopher, K.E. Ruckstuhl. 2013. Sex differences in the consequences of maternal loss in a long-lived mammal, the red deer (Cervus elaphus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67: 1249-1258.

Lane, J. E., L. E. B. Kruuk, A. Charmantier, J. O. Murie, and F. S. Dobson. 2012. Delayed phenology and reduced fitness associated with climate change in a wild hibernator. Nature 489: 554-556.

Morrissey, M. B., C. A. Walling, A. J. Wilson, J. M. Pemberton, T. H. Clutton-Brock, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2012. Genetic Analysis of Life-History Constraint and Evolution in a Wild Ungulate Population. American Naturalist 179:E97-E114.

Morrissey, M. B., D. J. Parker, P. Korsten, J. M. Pemberton, L. E. B. Kruuk and A. J. Wilson. The prediction of adaptive evolution: empirical application of secondary theorem of selection and comparison to the breeder’s equation. Evolution 66: 2399-2410.

Nielsen, J. F., S. English, W. P. Goodall-Copestake, J. L. Wang, C. A. Walling, A. W. Bateman, T. P. Flower, R. L. Sutcliffe, J. Samson, N. K. Thavarajah, L. E. B. Kruuk, T. H. Clutton-Brock, and J. M. Pemberton. 2012. Inbreeding and inbreeding depression of early life traits in a cooperative mammal. Molecular Ecology 21:2788-2804.

Clements, M. N., T. H. Clutton-Brock, S. D. Albon, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2011a. Gestation length variation in a wild ungulate. J. Functional Ecology in press.

Clements, M. N., T. H. Clutton-Brock, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2011b. The internal clock goes tick-tock? Variances and covariances of phenological traits in a wild mammal population. Evolution in press.

Hadfield, J. D., A. J. Wilson, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2011. Cryptic evolution: does environmental deterioration have a genetic basis? Genetics in press.

Wilson, A. J., M. B. Morrissey, M. J. Adams, C. A. Walling, F. E. Guinness, J. M. Pemberton, T. H. Clutton-Brock, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2011. Indirect genetics effects and evolutionary constraint: an analysis of social dominance in red deer, Cervus elaphus. J. Evolutionary Biology in press.

Husby, A., M. E. Visser, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2011. Speeding up microevolution: the effects of increasing temperature on selection and genetic variance in a wild bird population. PLoS Biology 9:e1000585.

Moyes, K., D. H. Nussey, M. N. Clements, F. E. Guinness, A. Morris, S. Morris, J. M. Pemberton, L. E. B. Kruuk, and T. H. Clutton-Brock. 2011. Climate change and breeding phenology in a wild red deer population. Global Change Biology online early: DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02382.x.

Morrissey, M. B., L. E. B. Kruuk, and A. J. Wilson. 2010. The danger of applying the breeder's equation in observational studies of natural populations. J. Evolutionary Biology 23:2277-2288.

Hadfield, J. D., A. J. Wilson, D. Garant, B. C. Sheldon, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2010. The misuse of BLUP in ecology and evolution. American Naturalist 175:116-125.

Hayward, A. D., J. G. Pilkington, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2010. Maternal effects and early-life performance are associated with parasite resistance across life in free-living Soay sheep. Parasitology 137:1261-1273.

Husby, A., D. H. Nussey, M. E. Visser, A. J. Wilson, B. C. Sheldon, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2010. Contrasting patterns of phenotypic plasticity in reproductive traits in two great tit (parus major) populations. Evolution 64:2221-2237

Walling, C. A., J. M. Pemberton, J. D. Hadfield, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2010. Comparing parentage inference software: reanalysis of a red deer pedigree. Molecular Ecology 19:1914-1928.

Wilson, A. J., D. Reale, M. N. Clements, M. M. Morrissey, E. Postma, C. A. Walling, L. E. B. Kruuk, and D. H. Nussey. 2010. An ecologist's guide to the animal model. J. Animal Ecology 79:13-26.  

    

Clements, M. N., T. H. Clutton-Brock, S. D. Albon, J. M. Pemberton, and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2010. Getting the timing right: antler growth phenology and sexual selection in a wild red deer population. Oecologia DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1656-7.

Korsten, P., T. Clutton-Brock, J. G. Pilkington, J. M. Pemberton and L. E. B. Kruuk. Sexual conflict in twins: male co-twins reduce fitness of female Soay sheep. Biology Letters5: 663-666 [pdf]

Nussey, D.H., L.E.B. Kruuk, A. Morris, M. Clements, J.M. Pemberton & T.H. Clutton-Brock. Inter- and intra-sexual variation in ageing patterns across reproductive traits in a wild red deer population. American Naturalist 174: 342-357. [pdf]

Hayward, A. D., A. J. Wilson, J. G. Pilkington, J. M. Pemberton and L. E. B. Kruuk Ageing in a variable habitat: environmental stress affects senescence in parasite resistance in St Kilda Soay sheep. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B. [pdf]

Robinson, M. R., J. G. Pilkington, A. J. Wilson, T. H. Clutton-Brock, J. M. Pemberton & L. E.B. Kruuk. The impact of environmental heterogeneity on genetic architecture in a wild population of Soay sheep. Genetics 181: 1639-1648 [pdf]

Duckworth, R. A., and L. E. B. Kruuk. 2009. Evolution of genetic integration between dispersal and colonization ability in a bird. Evolution 63:968-977 [pdf]

Husby, A., L. E. B. Kruuk, and M. E. Visser. 2009. Decline in the frequency and benefits of multiple brooding in great tits as a consequence of a changing environment. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 276:1845-1854 [pdf]

 

Wilson, A.J., J.M. Pemberton, J.G. Pilkington, T.H. Clutton-Brock & L.E.B. Kruuk. Trading offspring size for number in a changing environment: selection on reproductive investment in female Soay sheep. Journal of Animal Ecology 78(2): 354-364 [pdf]

Kruuk, L.E.B., Slate, J. & Wilson, A.J. 2008. New answers for old questions: the evolutionary quantitative genetics of wild animal populations. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 39: 525-548 [pdf]

Charmantier, A. McCleery, R.H., Cole, L.R., Perrins, C., Kruuk, L.E.B. & Sheldon, B.C. 2008. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population. Science 320:800-803 [pdf]

 Kruuk, L.E.B. & Hill, W.G. 2008. Evolutionary dynamics of wild populations: the use of long-term pedigree data. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B. 275:593-596 [pdf]

Nussey, D.H., Wilson, A.J., Morris, A., Pemberton, J., Clutton-Brock, T.H. & Kruuk, L.E.B. 2008. Testing for genetic trade-offs between early- and late-life reproduction in a wild red deer population. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B. 275:745-750 [pdf]

Robinson, M. R., Pilkington, J. G., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Pemberton, J. M. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2008. Environmental heterogeneity generates fluctuating selection on a secondary sexual trait. Current Biology 18:751-757 [pdf]

Coulson, T., Ezard, T. H. G., Pelletier, F., Tavecchia, G., Stensth, N.C., Childs, D.Z., Pilkington, J.G., Pemberton, J.M., Kruuk, L.E.B., Clutton-Brock, T.H. and Crawley, M.J. 2008. Estimating the functional form for the density dependence from life history data. Ecology 89:1661-1674 [pdf]

Reed, T.E., Kruuk, L.E.B., Wanless, S. Morten, F., Cunningham, E.J.A. and Harris, M.P. 2008. Reproductive senescence in a long-lived seabird: rates of decline in late life performance are associated with varying costs of early reproduction. American Naturalist 171:E89-E101 [pdf]

Garant, D., Hadfield, J. D., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Sheldon, B. C. 2007. Stability of genetic variance and covariance for reproductive characters in the face of climate change in a wild bird population. Molecular Ecology 17:179-188 [pdf].

Foerster, K., Coulson, T., Sheldon, B. C., Pemberton, J. M., Clutton-Brock, T. H. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2007. Sexually antagonistic genetic variation for fitness in red deer. Nature 447 (7148): 1107-1111 [pdf]

Kruuk, L. E. B. & Hadfield, J. D. 2007. How to separate genetic and environmental causes of similarity between relatives. J. Evolutionary Biology 20:1890-1903. [pdf]

Nussey, D.H., Kruuk, L.E.B., Morris, A. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. (2007) Environmental conditions in early life influence ageing rates in a wild population of red deer. Current Biology, 17: R1000-R1001. [pdf]

Wilson, A.J., D.H. Nussey, J.M. Pemberton, T.H. Clutton-Brock, J.G. Pilkington, A. Morris, F. Pelletier & L.E.B Kruuk (2007). Evidence for a genetic basis of aging in two wild vertebrate populations. Current Biology, 17: 2136-2142 [pdf]

Robinson, M. and Kruuk, L.E.B. Function of weaponry in females: the use of horns in intrasexual competition for resources in female Soay sheep. Biology Letters 3:651-654 [pdf]

Garant, D., Kruuk, L. E. B., McCleery, R. H. & Sheldon, B. C. 2007. The effects of environmental heterogeneity on multivariate selection on reproductive traits in female great tits. Evolution 61 (7): 1546-1559 [pdf]

Craig, B., Pilkington, J. G., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Pemberton, J. M. 2007. Epidemiology of the parasitic protozoan infections in Soay sheep (Ovis aries) on St Kilda. Parasitology 134:9-21. [pdf]

 

Kruuk, L. E. B. & Garant, D. 2007. A wake-up call for studies of natural selection? J. Evolutionary Biology 20:30-33. [pdf]

 

Räsänen, K. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2007. Maternal effects and evolution at ecological time scales. Functional Ecology 21:408-421. [pdf]

Wilson, A. J., Pemberton, J. M., Pilkington, J. G., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Coltman, D. W. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2006a. Cryptic evolution of body size and quantitative genetics of growth in an island population. Evolutionary Ecology 21: 337-356. [pdf]

Nussey, D. H., Kruuk, L. E. B., Donald, A., Fowlie, M. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2006a. The rate of senescence in maternal performance increases with early-life fecundity in red deer. Ecology Letters 9:1342-1350. [pdf]

Nussey, D. H., Pemberton, J. M., Donald, A. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2006b. Genetic consequences of human management in an introduced island population of red deer (Cervus elaphus). Heredity 97:56-65. [pdf]

Reed, T. E., Wanless, S., Harris, M. P., Frederiksen, M., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Cunningham, E. J. A. 2006. Responding to environmental change: plastic responses vary little in a synchronous breeder. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 273:2713-2719. [pdf]

Robinson, M. R., Pilkington, J. G., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Pemberton, J. M. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2006. Live fast, die young: A balance of natural, sexual and antagonistic selection maintains phenotypic polymorphism of weaponry in male and female Soay sheep. Evolution 60:2168-2181. [pdf]

St Rose, S. G., Hunter, N., Matthews, L., Foster, J. D., Chase-Topping, M. E., Kruuk, L. E. B., Shaw, D. J., Rhind, S. M., Will, R. G. & Woolhouse, M. E. J. 2006. Comparative evidence for a link between Peyer's patch development and susceptibility to transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. BMC Infectious Diseases 6:Art. No. 5. [pdf]

Wilson, A. J., Pemberton, J. M., Pilkington, J. G., Coltman, D. W., Mifsud, D. V., Clutton-Brock, T. H. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2006b. Environmental coupling of selection and heritability limits evolution. PLoS Biology 4:e216. [pdf]

Nicholls, N., Kruuk, L., Woolhouse, M., Stevenson, E., Gravenor, M. & Baylis, M. 2006. Investigation of farmer regard for scrapie-susceptible sheep. Veterinary Record 158:732-734.

Garant, D. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2005. How to use molecular marker data to measure evolutionary parameters in wild populations. Molecular Ecology 14:1843-1859.

Garant, D., Kruuk, L. E. B., Wilkin, T. A., McCleery, R. H. & Sheldon, B. C. 2005. Evolution driven by differential dispersal within a wild bird population. Nature 433:60-65.

Laugen, A. T., Kruuk, L. E. B., Laurila, A., Rasanen, K., Stone, J. & Merilä, J. 2005. Quantitative genetics of larval life-history traits in Rana temporaria in different environmental conditions. Genetical Research 86:161-170.

Nürnberger, B., Barton, N. H., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Vines, T. H. 2005. Mating patterns in a hybrid zone of fire-bellied toads (Bombina): inferences from adult and full-sib genotypes. Heredity 94: 247-257.

Nussey, D. H., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Albon, S. D., Pemberton, J. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2005a. Constraints on plastic responses to climate variation in red deer. Biology Letters 1:457-460.

Nussey, D. H., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Elston, D. A., Albon, S. D. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2005b. Phenotypic plasticity in a maternal trait in red deer. J. Animal Ecology 74:387-396.

Nussey, D. H., Coltman, D. W., Coulson, T., Kruuk, L. E. B., Donald, A., Morris, S. J., Clutton-Brock, T. H. & Pemberton, J. M. 2005c. Rapidly declining fine-scale spatial genetic structure in female red deer. Molecular Ecology 14:3395-3405.

Pettay, J. E., Kruuk, L. E. B., Jokela, J. & Lummaa, V. 2005. Heritability and genetic constraints of life-history trait evolution in preindustrial humans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:2838-2843.

Wilson, A. J., Coltman, D. W., Pemberton, J. M., Overall, A. J., Byrne, K. A. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2005a. Maternal genetic effects set the potential for evolution in a free-living vertebrate population. J. Evolutionary Biology 18:405-414.

Wilson, A. J., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Coltman, D. W. 2005b. Ontogenetic patterns in heritable variation for body size: using random regression models in a wild ungulate population. American Naturalist 166:E177-E192.

Wilson, A. J., Pemberton, J. M., Coltman, D. W., Overall, A. J., Byrne, K. A., Pilkington, J. G. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2005c. Selection on mothers and offspring: whose phenotype is it and does it matter? Evolution 59:451-463.

Chase-Topping, M., Kruuk, L. E. B., Lajous, D., Touzeau, S., Matthews, L., Simm, G., Foster, J. D., Rupp, R., Eychenne, F., Hunter, N., Elsen, J. M. & Woolhouse, M. E. J. 2005. Genotype-level variation in lifetime breeding success, litter size and survival of sheep in scrapie-affected flocks. J. General Virology 86:1229-1238.

Charmantier, A., Kruuk, L. E. B., Blondel, J. & Lambrechts, M. M. 2004a. Testing for microevolution in body size in three blue tit populations. J. Evolutionary Biology 17:732-743.

Charmantier, A., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Lambrechts, M. M. 2004b. Parasitism reduces the potential for evolution in a wild bird population. Evolution 58:203-206.

Cotter, S. C., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Wilson, K. 2004. Costs of resistance: genetic correlations and potential trade-offs in a Lepidopteran immune system. J. Evolutionary Biology 17:421-429.

Garant, D., Kruuk, L. E. B., McCleery, R. H. & Sheldon, B. C. 2004. Evolution in a changing environment: A case study with great tit fledging mass. American Naturalist 164:E115-E129.

Kruuk, L. E. B. 2004. Estimating genetic parameters in wild populations using the 'animal model'. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. London Series B 359:873-890.

Coulson, T., Kruuk, L. E. B., Tavecchia, G., Pemberton, J. M. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2003. Estimating selection on neonatal traits in red deer using elasticity path analysis. Evolution 57:2879-2892.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Merilä, J. & Sheldon, B. C. 2003a. When environmental covariance short-circuits natural selection. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:207-208.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Slate, J., Pemberton, J. M. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2003b. Fluctuating asymmetry in a secondary sexual trait: no associations with individual fitness, environmental stress or inbreeding, and no heritability. J. Evolutionary Biology 16:101-113.

Postma, E., Kruuk, L. E. B., Merilä, J., van Noordwijk, A. J. & Sheldon, B. C. 2003. Quantitative genetic analysis of natural populations: old wine in a new but defective bottle? Nature Reviews Genetics correspondence relating to 3:971-978.

Sheldon, B. C., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Merilä, J. 2003. Natural selection and inheritance of breeding time and clutch size in the collared flycatcher. Evolution 57:406-420.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Sheldon, B. C. & Merilä, J. 2002a. Severe inbreeding depression in collared flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis). Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 269:1581-1589.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Slate, J., Pemberton, J. M., Brotherstone, S., Guinness, F. E. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2002b. Antler size in red deer: heritability and selection but no evolution. Evolution 56:1683-1695.

Lindström, J., Coulson, T. N., Kruuk, L., Forchhammer, M. C., Coltman, D. W. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2002. Sex ration variation in Soay sheep. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 53:25-30.

Coltman, D. W., Pilkington, J., Kruuk, L. E. B., Wilson, K. & Pemberton, J. M. 2001. Positive genetic correlation between parasite resistance and body size in a free-living ungulate population. Evolution 55:2116-2125.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Merilä, J. & Sheldon, B. C. 2001. Phenotypic selection on heritable size traits revisited. American Naturalist 158:557-571.

Merilä, J., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Sheldon, B. C. 2001. Natural selection on the genetical component of variance in body condition in a wild bird population. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 14:918-929.

Merilä, J., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Sheldon, B. C. 2001. Cryptic evolution in a wild bird population. Nature 412:76-79.

Merilä, J., Sheldon, B. C. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2001. Explaining stasis: microevolutionary studies of natural populations. Genetica 112:119-222.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Slate, J., Pemberton, J. M., Brotherstone, S. & Guinness, F. E. 2000. Heritability of fitness in a wild mammal population. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:698-703.

Slate, J., Kruuk, L. E. B., Marshall, T. C., Pemberton, J. M. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2000. Inbreeding depression influences lifetime breeding success in a wild population of red deer (Cervus elaphus). Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 267:1657-1662.

Kruuk, L. E. B. 1999. Sticklers for sympatry. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 14:465-466.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Baird, S. J. E., Gale, K. & Barton, N. H. 1999. A comparison of multilocus clines maintained by environmental adaptation or by selection against hybrids. Genetics 153:1959-1971.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Albon, S. D., Pemberton, J. M. & Guinness, F. E. 1999. Population density affects sex ratio variation in red deer. Nature 399:459-461.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Clutton-Brock, T. H., Rose, K. E. & Guinness, F. E. 1999. Early determinants of lifetime reproductive success differ between the sexes in red deer. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 266:1655-1661.

Kruuk, L. E. B., Gilchrist, J. S. & Barton, N. H. 1999. Hybrid dysfunction in fire-bellied toads (Bombina). Evolution 53:1611-1616.

Marshall, T. C., Slate, J., Kruuk, L. E. B. & Pemberton, J. M. 1998. Statistical confidence for likelihood-based paternity inference in natural populations. Molecular Ecology 7:639-655.

Kruuk, L. E. B.  1997.  Barriers to gene flow: a Bombina (fire-bellied toad) hybrid zone and multilocus cline theory. Pp. 245. Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.

Kruuk, L. E. B. & Gilchrist, J. S. 1997. Mechanisms maintaining species differentiation: predator-mediated selection in a Bombina hybrid zone. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 264:105-110.

Kerslake, J. E., Kruuk, L. E. B., Hartley, S. E. & Woodin, S. J. 1996. Winter moth (Operophtera brumata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae)) outbreaks on Scottish heather moorlands: effects of host plant and parasitoids on larval survival and development. Bulletin of Entomological Research 86:155-164.